J Korean Child Neurol Soc Search


Journal of the Korean Child Neurology Society 2006;14(1):38-44.
Published online May 30, 2006.
A Study of Epileptiform Discharges in Children with Chronic Recurrent Headaches.
Yun Jin Bae, Jin Sung Choi, Kyu Geun Hwang
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Dong-A University, Busan, Korea. kghyang@dau.ac.kr
This study was undertaken to determine the incidence and the meaning of epileptiform discharges accompanied by chronic recurrent headaches. METHODS: We selected 449 cases of children who visited Dong-A University Hospital because of recurrent headaches from January 1999 to July 2005. The headaches were classified by the criteria established by the International Headache Research Committee in 2004. The electroencephalography was performed in 336 cases and 36 cases who showed epileptiform discharges were selected. We studied the characteristics of epileptiform discharges, MRI findings and the relationship with epilepsy. RESULTS: The incidence of interictal epileptiform discharges(ILEDs) of the patients with chronic headaches was 10.7%, which was higher than that in a normal population. In the location of ILEDs, focal areas(9.2%) were more common than general areas(1.5%). The incidence of the ILEDs was different according to the types of headaches(P<0.01). The focal ILEDs were concentrated at the central temporal areas. The most common type of ILEDs was frequent epileptiform discharges(63.9%). For the wave forms of ILEDs, focal spike activities were 83.3%, and bursts of slow waves mixed with spikes were 13.9%. Among the 36 cases that showed the ILEDs, 2 cases were associated with epilepsy and another 2 with AV malformation on the MRI images. CONCLUSION: The ILEDs of the patients with chronic recurrent headaches mainly occurred in the central temporal areas as focal spike wave forms, which shows a benign course. Because a few cases can accompany epilepsy and brain abnormalities, close observation and follow-up tests are needed.
Key Words: Chronic headache, Epileptiform discharge, Spike wave


Browse all articles >

Editorial Office
101, Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul 03080, Korea
Tel: +82-2-2072-2364    Fax: +82-2-743-3455    E-mail: editor@annchildneurol.org                

Copyright © 2024 by Korean Child Neurology Society.

Developed in M2PI

Close layer
prev next