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Journal of the Korean Child Neurology Society 1997;5(1):9-22.
Published online October 30, 1997.
The Neuroprotective Effects of the Platelet-Activating Factor Antagonist BN 52021 on Hypoxic-ischemic Brain Injury in the Immature Rat.
Baik Lin Eun
This article has been retracted.
Platelet-activating factor (PAF) is overproduced in ischemic brain. Although post-ischemic PAF antagonist administration protects the mature brain in some models, little is known about the effects of PAF antagonists in the immature brain. We hypothesized that the PAF antagonist BN 52021 would attenuate perinatal cerebral hypoxic-ischemic injury. METHODES: To elicit focal hypoxic-ischemic brain injury, seven day old (P7) rats(n=111) underwent right carotid ligation, followed by 2.5-3.25 h hypoxia (FiO2=0.08). BN 52021 neuroprotection was evaluated in 3 groups of experiments: (1) 25mg/kg/dose, 0 and 2 h post-hypoxia, (2) 25mg/kg/dose immediately before and 1 h after hypoxia, (3) post-hypoxia-ischemia treatment with BN 52021 12.5, 25 or 50mg/kg/dose in 2 doses 0 and 2 h after hypoxia. All experiments included concurrent vehicle-injected controls. To quantitate severity of injury, bilateral regional cross-sectional areas (groups 1 and 2) or hemisphere weights (group 3) were evaluated on Pl2. RESULTS: Both pre- and post-hypoxic treatment with BN 52021 (25mg/kg/dose, 2 serial doses) decreased the incidence of cerebral infarction from 90% to about 30%(p<0.02, Fisher's exact test). Measurement of cross-sectional areas confirmed neuroprotection and indicated some benefit of pre- over post-hypoxic-ischemic treatment in hippocampus and cortex. Over the dose range tested, the neuroprotective effect of BN 52021 administration was not dose-dependent. In contrast, BN52021 did not attenuate NMDA-induced hippocampal excitotoxic injury in P7 rats. CONCLUSIONS: Either prophylactic or "rescue" administration of PAF antagonists decreases the incidence and severity of brain injury associated with an episode of perinatal cerebral hypoxia-ischemia.


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