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Journal of the Korean Child Neurology Society 1999;7(2):181-187.
Published online December 30, 1999.
The Effect of Pentoxifylline on IL-1beta and TNF-alpha mRNA Gene Expression in Hypoxic-Ischemic Brain Injury of Immature Rat.
Kyoung Burm Kim, Gi Hyun Jeon, Young Rae Kim, Jung Hwa Lee, Kee Hyoung Lee, Baik Lin Eun, Soon Kyum Kim
1Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine and School of Medicine, Korea University, Korea.
2Department of Pediatrics, Pochon CHA University, Seoul, Korea.
Interleukin-1beta(IL-1beta) and Tumor necrosis factor-alpha(TNF-alpha) are multifunctional cytokines that may play important roles both in the normal development of central nervous system and in the response of brain to diverse forms of injury. IL-1beta and TNF-alpha have potent proinflammatory action and the potential to modulate cell growth. Cerebral hypoxia-ischemia selectively stimulates IL-1beta and TNF-alpha gene expression in brain regions susceptible to irreversible injury in perinatal rats. Pentoxifylline, a cAMP phosphodiesterase inhibitor, attenuates hypoxic-ischemic brain injury in immature rats and inhibits TNF-alpha expression at the transcription level. We hypothesize that pentoxifylline would attenuate the expression of IL-1beta and TNF-alpha mRNA gene expression on hypoxic-ischemic brain injury in immature rats. METHODS: To elicit focal hypoxic-ischemic brain injury, 7-d-old(P7) rats underwent right carotid artery ligation, followed by 3 hr of hypoxia(fractional concentration of inspired O2=0.08). In 3 rats, pentoxifylline(40mg/kg) was injected into the intraperitoneal cavity immediately before and after hypoxia. The other 4 rats were given PBS solutions. IL-1beta and TNF-alpha mRNA content were measured by reverse transcription followed by polymerase chain reaction amplification(RT-PCR) in the samples prepared from the lesioned and contralateral hemispheres killed 4 hr post-hypoxia. cDNA were amplified with primers specific for IL-1beta and TNF-alpha. and also amplified with GAPDH primers which served as an internal control. RESULTS: In control group, hypoxia-ischemia induced IL-1beta and TNF-alpha mRNA expression from the lesioned hemisphere in immature rat brain. In pentoxifylline treated group, IL-1beta and TNF-alpha mRNA expression were attenuated at 4 hr post hypoxia- ischemia. CONCLUSION: Preteatment with pentoxifylline decreased incidence and severity of hypoxic-ischemic injury in immature rat brain. Pentoxifylline attenuated the expression of IL-1beta and TNF-alpha gene on hypoxic-ischemic injury in immature rat brain. IL-1beta and TNF-alpha may play important roles in the response of the developing brain to acute hypoxic-ischemic injury.
Key Words: IL-1beta, TNF-alpha, Pentoxifylline, Hypoxia-ischemia, Immature brain


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